1730 in literature
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This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1730.
- January 7 – The death of the Icelandic scholar Árni Magnússon activates the bequest to the University of Copenhagen in Denmark of the Arnamagnæan Manuscript Collection, which he has assembled.
- January 8 – The Grub Street Journal is launched in London, with Richard Russel and John Martyn as editors. It lasts for 418 issues.
- April 17 – Pietro Metastasio arrives in Vienna, where he settles permanently.
- September/October – Colley Cibber becomes Poet Laureate of the Kingdom of Great Britain, in succession to Laurence Eusden.
- December 11 – Voltaire's Brutus is finally staged.
- unknown date – Romeo and Juliet becomes the first of Shakespeare's plays to be performed in America, when it is staged in New York City.
- Joseph Addison – The Evidences of the Christian Religion (posthumous)
- John Bancks – The Weaver's Miscellany
- Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix – Histoire de l'Isle Espagnole ou de S. Domingue
- Thomas Cooke as "Scriblerus Tertius" – The Candidates for the Bays
- Yaakov Culi – Me'am Lo'ez
- Philip Doddridge – Free Thoughts on the Most Probable Means of Reviving the Dissenting Interest
- Johann Christoph Gottsched – Versuch einer kritischen Dichtkunst für die Deutschen
- John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey – Observations on the Writings of the Craftsman
- George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton – An Epistle to Mr. Pope
- Pierre des Maizeaux – Vie de Bayle
- Isaac Rand – Index plantarum officinalium, quas ad materiae medicae scientiam promovendam, in horto Chelseiano (catalogue of plants in Chelsea Physic Garden)
- Philip Johan von Strahlenberg – Das Nord- und Ostliche Theil von Europa und Asia (North and Eastern Parts of Europe and Asia)
- Jonathan Swift – A Libel on D—— D——, and a Certain Great Lord
- Matthew Tindal – Christianity as Old as Creation
- William Whiston – Life of Samuel Clarke
- William Wotton (posthumous) – A Discourse Concerning the Confusion of Languages at Babel
- Edward Young – Two Epistles to Mr. Pope
- Theophilus Cibber – Patie and Peggy (opera)
- Henry Fielding
- Charles Johnson – The Tragedy of Medea
- George Lillo – Sylvia
- Pierre de Marivaux – The Game of Love and Chance
- Benjamin Martyn – Timoleon
- James Miller – The Humours of Oxford
- John Mottley – The Widow Bewitched
- Gabriel Odingsells – Bayes's Opera
- James Ralph – The Fashionable Lady
- James Thomson – Sophonisba
- Edward Ward – The Prisoner's Opera
- Stephen Duck – Poems on Several Subjects (including "The Thresher's Labour")
- Matthew Pilkington – Poems on Several Occasions
- Elizabeth Thomas – The Metamorphosis of the Town
- James Thomson – The Seasons
- See also 1730 in poetry
- March 27 – Thomas Tyrwhitt, English critic (died 1786)
- April 1 – Salomon Gessner, Swiss painter and poet (died 1788)
- August 20 – Paul Henri Mallet, Swiss historian (died 1807)
- November 10 – Oliver Goldsmith, Anglo-Irish poet and dramatist (died 1774)
- December 6 – Sophie von La Roche (Maria Sophie Gutermann von Gutershofen), German novelist (died 1807)
- unknown dates
- probable year – Charlotte Lennox, Gibraltar-born Scottish novelist and poet (died 1804)
- January 7 – Árni Magnússon, Icelandic scholar (born 1663)
- February 9 – Johann Georg von Eckhart, German historian (born 1664)
- March 20 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (born 1692)
- July 16 – Elijah Fenton, English poet (born 1683)
- August 16 – Laurence Echard, English historian (born c. 1670)
- September 14 – Sophia Elisabet Brenner, Swedish poet and writer (born 1659)
- September 27 – Laurence Eusden, English Poet Laureate (born 1688)
- October 23 – Anne Oldfield, English actress (born 1683)
- November – Nedîm, Ottoman poet (born c. 1680; killed in the Patrona Halil uprising
- Jónas Kristjánsson (1993). Icelandic Manuscripts: Sagas, History and Art. Icelandic Literary Society. p. 132. ISBN 978-9979-804-34-5.
- Rogers, Pat (2004). The Alexander Pope Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 144. ISBN 978-0-313-32426-0.
- Jane Moody; Daniel O'Quinn (25 October 2007). The Cambridge Companion to British Theatre, 1730–1830. Cambridge University Press. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-521-85237-1.
- John Dryden (1800). The Critical and Miscellaneous Prose Works of John Dryden: Now First Collected: with Notes and Illustrations. Cadell and Davies. p. 206.
- Ira O. Wade (8 December 2015). Intellectual Development of Voltaire. Princeton University Press. p. 188. ISBN 978-1-4008-7782-9.
- Keith T. Krawczynski (20 February 2013). Daily Life in the Colonial City. ABC-CLIO. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-313-04704-6.
- John Clayton (25 November 2006). Religions, Reasons and Gods: Essays in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Religion. Cambridge University Press. p. 252. ISBN 978-1-139-45926-6.
- Moyra Haslett (17 July 2003). Pope to Burney, 1714-1779: Scriblerians to Bluestockings. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-230-80226-1.
- Romeu, Pilar (2000): Las llaves del Meam loez: Edición crítica, concordada y analítica de los Índices del Meam loez de la Torá. (in Spanish) Barcelona, page 343
- Benjamin MARTYN (1730). Timoleon. A tragedy, etc. J. Watts.
- Batt, Jennifer. "From the Field to the Coffeehouse: Changing Representations of Stephen Duck." Criticism, Landry, D. and W. Christmas, eds. (47):4, pp. 451–70.
- Virginia Blain et al., eds. "Thomas, Elizabeth". The Feminist Companion to Literature in English. New Haven and London: Yale UP, 1990, pp. 1075–1076.
- Robert Druitt (1859). The Surgeon's vade mecum. .H. Renshaw. p. 763.
- Manushag N. Powell (29 June 2012). Performing Authorship in Eighteenth-Century English Periodicals. Bucknell University Press. p. 259. ISBN 978-1-61148-417-5.
- Klasse, Akademie der Wissenschaften (Wien) Philosophisch-Historische (1854). Sitzungsberichte (in German). Rohrer. p. 563.
- Andrews, Walter G. "Nedim" in Ottoman Lyric Poetry: An Anthology, pp. 253–255. ISBN 0-292-70472-0.
- Kemal Sılay (1994). Nedim and the Poetics of the Ottoman Court: Medieval Inheritance and the Need for Change. Indiana University. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-878318-09-1.