Bridge City, Texas

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Bridge City, Texas
Location of Bridge City, Texas
Location of Bridge City, Texas
Orange County BridgeCity.svg
Coordinates: 30°2′3″N 93°50′34″W / 30.03417°N 93.84278°W / 30.03417; -93.84278
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyOrange
Area
 • Total7.14 sq mi (18.50 km2)
 • Land6.44 sq mi (16.67 km2)
 • Water0.71 sq mi (1.83 km2)
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total7,840
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
7,862
 • Density1,221.38/sq mi (471.55/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
77611
Area code(s)409
FIPS code48-10252[3]
GNIS feature ID1331256[4]
Websitewww.bridgecitytex.com

Bridge City is a city in Orange County, Texas, United States. It is 100 miles east of Houston, near the Gulf of Mexico. The population was 7,840 at the 2010 Census. The town borders the Neches River and Cow Bayou. It is part of the BeaumontPort Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area. The area is most known for the oil industry.

History[edit]

The city was originally named Prairie View, as it was located on the coastal grasslands of the upper Texas coastline. But in 1938, the Port Arthur-Orange Bridge (now known as the Rainbow Bridge) was built, and the unincorporated area took on the name "Bridge City". Despite several previous attempts, the city did not incorporate until 1970.

Bridge City got its name from the fact that one has to cross a bridge to enter the city. All three major roads that enter Bridge City - Chemical Road, SH 87, and F.M. 1442 - cross a body of water. SH 87 crosses the Neches River and Cow Bayou - Cow Bayou on the Orange side and the Neches River on the Port Arthur side. Chemical Road crosses a branch off of the Sabine River and Cow Bayou. F.M. 1442 crosses a small creek off Cow Bayou between F.M. 105 and the Bridge City City limits. F.M. 1442 also crosses Cow Bayou just north of Orangefield and south of Interstate 10.

In 1990, Bridge City became the first city in Texas to install "leaning" streetlights because of the tall electrical lines near the roadway [1].

In 2008, the storm surge generated by Hurricane Ike caused nearly complete flooding of Bridge City. Mayor Kirk Roccaforte estimated that only 14 homes in the city were unaffected by the surge. The piles of debris and waterlogged furniture placed outside homes by residents beginning to clean up led the mayor to say "The whole city looks like a flea market."[5]

Geography[edit]

Bridge City is located at 30°2′3″N 93°50′34″W / 30.03417°N 93.84278°W / 30.03417; -93.84278 (30.034211, -93.842836).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14 km2), of which, 5.1 square miles (13 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (4.63%) is water.

Storms[edit]

Bridge City, including surrounding areas, has had a big history of hurricanes and tropical storms.

Hurricane Rita (2005)[edit]

The worst damage in Texas occurred in several counties in Southeast Texas, including Jefferson, Orange, Hardin, Jasper, Newton and Tyler counties, where damage to electrical and communication services was severe. Power was not restored in some areas across the region for weeks to even months. Cities in the "Golden Triangle" formed by Beaumont, Port Arthur, and Orange, TX sustained extensive wind damage, whether directly from wind or collaterally from wind-fallen trees, tree branches and/or other detritus. In Beaumont, an estimated 25% of the trees in neighborhoods across the city were uprooted or heavily damaged, and in Groves (home of "The Texas Pecan Festival"), about the same percentage of pecan trees suffered similar fates. The water treatment plant in Port Neches was heavily damaged. Governor Rick Perry declared a nine-county disaster area as a result of the significant damage in those communities.[7][circular reference]

Hurricane Humberto (2007)[edit]

Widespread flooding occurred in Jefferson and Orange county, and at least 20 homes in Beaumont were flooded. Additionally, several roadways were flooded. The passage of the hurricane caused one fatality in the state; a Bridge City man was killed when his carport crashed on him outside his house.The combination of saturated grounds and strong winds uprooted many trees and downed power lines across the path of the hurricane, with at least 50 high voltage transmission poles blown down or seriously damaged; over 120,000 power customers in Orange and Jefferson counties lost power, with 118,000 Entergy customers in the state without electricity. The National Weather Service estimates gusts exceeded 90 mph (145 km/h) in southwestern Jefferson County and extreme southeastern Chambers County.[8][circular reference]

Tropical Storm Edouard (2008)[edit]

Due to the high winds, falling trees and power lines left at least 300,000 customers in Southeastern Texas without electricity, most of them in Jefferson County. Hundreds of homes also suffered damage.[9][circular reference]

Hurricane Ike (2008)[edit]

Bridge City, Texas was heavily damaged by Hurricane Ike on September 13, 2008.[10] Damage was widespread and severe across Orange County. With over 95 percent of buildings and houses in Bridge City totally gutted, the city was nearly completely destroyed. The 22-foot (6.7 m) storm surge completely flooded the city and obliterated everything in its way. Storm surge breached the levee at the City of Orange, and traveled up the Neches River to flood Rose City.[citation needed] It took three days to drain the water from the city. The city government gutted the city hall due to the Ike damages. The first city council meeting after Ike was held there sometime recent before January 19, 2009. Of the 3,400 houses in Bridge City, 16 were still habitable immediately after Ike.[11]

In the City of Orange, right next to Bridge City, nearly the entire city of 19,000 people was flooded, anywhere from 6 inches (15 cm) to 15 feet (4.5 m).[12] The mayor of the city said about 375 people, of those who stayed behind during the storm, began to emerge, some needing food, water and medical care.[12] Many dead fish littered streets and properties.[13] Bridge City Mayor Kirk Roccaforte estimated that only 14 homes in the city were unaffected by the surge. Five of which were in the Oakview addition on Louise Street. The piles of debris and waterlogged furniture placed outside homes by residents beginning to clean up led the mayor to say "The whole city looks like a flea market."[5] During the post-storm cleanup, Bridge City residents found swimming pools had been occupied by jellyfish brought inland with the water.[14] Three people were found dead in Orange County on September 29.[15]

Hurricane Harvey (2017)[edit]

Hurricane Harvey was a huge rainfall producer. On the night of August 30, 2017, Bridge City was absolutely inundated with floodwaters, causing widespread damage. The past twenty-four hours had seen over 20 inches of rainfall. By the time Harvey was working its way toward Southeast Texas, it was a slow-moving storm, meaning everywhere in Harvey’s path would be drenched in rainfall for several days before Harvey moved on.[16]

Tropical Storm Imelda (2019)[edit]

Tropical Storm Imelda was another rainy storm. As the system stalled across Southeast Texas, significant convection developed with a feeder band southwest of the center the evening of the 17th into the morning of the 18th, with significant flooding across Galveston to Houston. Another significant feeder band developed south of the center across Southeast Texas the afternoon of the 18th into the 19th. The orientation of this rain band provided continuous training of thunderstorms across Southeast Texas, with devastating flooding along the I-10 corridor from Winnie eastward to Fannett, Beaumont, Vidor, and Orange Texas. This area accumulated 30 to 44 inches of rainfall during the storm.[17]

Hurricane Laura (2020)[edit]

When Hurricane Laura hit, there was mainly wind damage in Bridge City. Several trees, light poles and traffic lights down due to the violent winds that Hurricane Laura brought.[18] A wind gust of 73mph was recorded at Port Arthur near Bridge City. The Orange County Airport's weather station went out during the storm.[19][20] Structural damage also occurred in Bridge City

Hurricane Delta (2020)[edit]

Hurricane Delta was another windy storm and was very similar to Hurricane Laura in terms of wind. A wind gust of 68mph was recorded at Orange County Airport (Texas) at 5:35pm.[21]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19604,677
19708,16474.6%
19807,667−6.1%
19908,0344.8%
20008,6517.7%
20107,840−9.4%
2019 (est.)7,862[2]0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[22] [23]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 8,651 people, 3,195 households, and 2,476 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,682.0 people per square mile (649.8/km2). There were 3,432 housing units at an average density of 667.3 per square mile (257.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.43% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.27% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 3.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,195 households, out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,045, and the median income for a family was $49,750. Males had a median income of $42,398 versus $22,674 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,290. About 7.9% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

Bridge City was the only city in Orange County to have a growth in population according to the 1990 census [2].

Education[edit]

Bridge City is served by the Bridge City Independent School District.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Bridge City residents try to dry out, clean up". 19 September 2008.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ Hurricane Rita#Texas
  8. ^ Hurricane Humberto (2007)#Texas
  9. ^ Tropical Storm Edouard (2008)#Texas
  10. ^ Dorell, Oren, Donna Leinwand, Marisol Bello and Kevin Johnson. "'You cannot live here now'." USA Today. September 15, 2008. 1A. Retrieved on May 5, 2013.
  11. ^ Horswell, Cindy. "Holes left in wake of storms: Ike hit before some Texas communities recovered from Rita." McClatchy - Tribune Business News. January 19, 2009. Available at ProQuest, document ID 456273366
  12. ^ a b Oren Dorell, USA TODAY (2008-09-15). "Almost 2,000 Ike survivors rescued". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
  13. ^ "Ike: A fish story Archived 2008-09-19 at the Wayback Machine." CNN.
  14. ^ "New Nuisance for Bridge City Families." () KFDM-TV. September 22, 2008. Retrieved on May 5, 2013.
  15. ^ "More Victims Raise Ike's Death Toll To 67". WCVB. Associated Press. 2008-09-30. Archived from the original on 2009-05-27. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
  16. ^ "Bridge City Slow to Recover After Hurricane Harvey". 12 March 2018.
  17. ^ "Upper Texas Coast Tropical Cyclones in the 2010s".
  18. ^ "Bridge City residents thankful Hurricane Laura didn't do as much damage as Hurricane Ike".
  19. ^ "Port Arthur | Complete Wind Report & Forecast".
  20. ^ "Orange County Airport | Complete Wind Report & Forecast".
  21. ^ "Orange County Airport | Complete Wind Report & Forecast".
  22. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  23. ^ U.S. Census Bureau 1970 Census of Population. Google Books. Accessed 2021-05-05.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°02′02″N 93°50′35″W / 30.034°N 93.843°W / 30.034; -93.843