14th Street–Union Square station

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 14 Street–Union Square
 "4" train"5" train"6" train"6" express train"L" train"N" train"Q" train"R" train"W" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station complex
Union Square Subway 3760070985 d4b6a3d4fa2.jpg
Station entrance within Union Square Park
Station statistics
AddressEast 14th Street, Park Avenue South & Broadway
New York, NY 10003
BoroughManhattan
LocaleUnion Square, Gramercy
Coordinates40°44′05″N 73°59′25″W / 40.73472°N 73.99028°W / 40.73472; -73.99028Coordinates: 40°44′05″N 73°59′25″W / 40.73472°N 73.99028°W / 40.73472; -73.99028
DivisionA (IRT), B (BMT)
Line   BMT Broadway Line
   BMT Canarsie Line
   IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services   4 all times (all times)
   5 all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
   6 all times (all times) <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)​
   L all times (all times)​
   N all times (all times)
   Q all times (all times)
   R all except late nights (all except late nights)
   W weekdays only (weekdays only)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M1, M2, M3, M14A SBS, M14D SBS, SIM7, SIM33, X27, X28
StructureUnderground
Levels3
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1948 (72 years ago) (1948-07-01)[1]
Station code602[2]
AccessibleThis station is partially compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Partially ADA-accessible (BMT Broadway Line & BMT Canarsie Line platforms only)
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2019)32,385,260[5]Decrease 2.2%
Rank4 out of 424[5]

14th Street–Union Square Subway Station (IRT; Dual System BMT)
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference No.05000671[6]
Added to NRHPJuly 6, 2005

14th Street–Union Square is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the BMT Broadway Line, the BMT Canarsie Line and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. It is located at the intersection of Fourth Avenue and 14th Street, underneath Union Square in Manhattan, and is served by the:

  • 4, 6, L, N, and Q trains at all times
  • 5 and R trains at all times except late nights
  • W train on weekdays
  • <6> train weekdays in the peak direction

In 2016, over 34 million passengers entered this station, making it the fourth-busiest station in the system.[4]

The complex is located on the border of several neighborhoods with popular business, residential and nightlife destination spots, including the East Village to the southeast, Greenwich Village to the south and southwest, Chelsea to the northwest, and both the Flatiron District and Gramercy Park to the north and northeast.

The station complex consists of three originally separate stations, which were combined on July 1, 1948. They now share a mezzanine, common entrance points, and unified signage. This complex was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.[6]

History[edit]

In the 1990s, this station underwent a major station renovation. On July 9, 1993, the contract for the project's design was awarded for $2,993,948. As part of the contract, the consultant investigated whether it was feasible to reconfigure the IRT passageway, to reframe the exit structure on the Lexington Avenue platforms to accommodate the relocation and widening of stairs, the construction of a new fan room, the removal of stairs on the Broadway Line platforms, the reframing of the existing structure, and the construction of a new staircase between the intermediate and IRT mezzanines. These were all deemed feasible, and in May 1994, a supplemental agreement worth $984,998 was reached to allow the consultant to prepare the design for this work.[7]:C-57

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Exit/entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access Elevator at northeast corner of 14th Street and Union Square East
B2 Side platform, not in service
Northbound local "6" train"6" express train toward Pelham Bay Park or Parkchester (23rd Street)
"4" train toward Woodlawn late nights (23rd Street)
(No service: 18th Street)
Island platform
Northbound express "4" train toward Woodlawn (Grand Central–42nd Street)
"5" train toward Dyre Avenue or Nereid Avenue (Grand Central–42nd Street)
Southbound express "4" train toward Utica Avenue (Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall)
"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue weekdays, Bowling Green evenings/weekends (Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall)
Island platform
Southbound local "6" train"6" express train toward Brooklyn Bridge (Astor Place)
"4" train toward New Lots Avenue late nights (Astor Place)
Side platform, not in service
B2 Northbound local "R" train toward 71st Avenue (23rd Street)
"W" train toward Ditmars Boulevard weekdays (23rd Street)
"N" train toward Ditmars Boulevard late nights/weekends (23rd Street)
"Q" train toward 96th Street late nights (23rd Street)
Island platform Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express "N" train toward Ditmars Boulevard weekdays (34th Street–Herald Square)
"Q" train toward 96th Street (34th Street–Herald Square)
Southbound express "N" train toward Coney Island via Sea Beach weekdays (Canal Street)
"Q" train toward Coney Island via Brighton (Canal Street)
Island platform Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local "R" train toward 95th Street (Eighth Street–New York University)
"W" train toward Whitehall Street weekdays (Eighth Street–New York University)
"N" train toward Coney Island via Sea Beach late nights/weekends (Eighth Street–New York University)
"Q" train toward Coney Island via Brighton late nights (Eighth Street–New York University)
B3 Westbound "L" train toward Eighth Avenue (Sixth Avenue)
Island platform Handicapped/disabled access
Eastbound "L" train toward Rockaway Parkway (Third Avenue)

Exits[edit]

  • Station entrance sign
    Two stairs inside Union Square Park on east side of Union Square West at 16th Street[8]
  • One stair at southeast corner of Union Square East and 15th Street[8]
  • One stair inside Union Square Park on north side of 14th Street between Union Square West and Union Square East[8]
  • One stair inside Union Square Park on north side of 14th Street between Union Square West and Union Square East[8]
  • One stair on south side of 14th Street between Union Square West and Union Square East[8]
  • Two stairs at southwest corner of 4th Avenue and 14th Street[8]
  • Two stairs at southeast corner of 4th Avenue and 14th Street[8]
  • Handicapped/disabled access One stair, escalator bank, and elevator in Zeckendorf Towers at northeast corner of 4th Avenue and 14th Street[8]

IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms[edit]

 14 Street–Union Square
 "4" train"5" train"6" train"6" express train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
14 Street-Union Square IRT 003.JPG
Downtown platform for the local services (left) and express services (right), showing the curvature of the station and the movable platforms
Station statistics
DivisionA (IRT)
Line   IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services   4 all times (all times)
   5 all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
   6 all times (all times) <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)
Platforms2 island platforms (in service)
cross-platform interchange
2 side platforms (abandoned)
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedOctober 27, 1904 (116 years ago) (1904-10-27)[9]
Station code406[2]
AccessibleThe mezzanine is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, but the platforms are not compliant ADA-accessible to mezzanine only; platforms are not ADA-accessible
AccessibilityCross-platform wheelchair transfer available
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Opposite-direction transfer availableYes
Station succession
Next northGrand Central–42nd Street (express): 4 all except late nights5 all except late nights
23rd Street (local): 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
18th Street (local; closed): no service
Next southAstor Place (local): 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall (express): 4 all except late nights5 all except late nights
Track layout

14th Street–Union Square is an express station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line that has four tracks and two island platforms. It opened on October 27, 1904. The uptown and downtown platforms are offset from each other and slightly curved. Gap-filling movable platforms on the downtown side are automatically operated via proximity sensors when trains arrive. The station's mezzanines are located over the platforms.

The station has two abandoned local side platforms; the northbound platform is visible through windows, bordered with wide, bright red frames, which is part of a larger, station-wide art installation entitled Framing Union Square, by Mary Miss.[10][11] From the north end of the downtown platform's mezzanine, the adjacent side platform can be seen through a hole in the plywood. The abandoned platform edges are also visible from the current platforms.

1991 accident[edit]

On August 28, 1991, an accident just north of the station killed five riders and injured 215 others in one of the worst wrecks since a crash at Times Square–42nd Street on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line in 1928 that killed 16 people. The train operator, Robert Ray, was intoxicated and had been overshooting platforms during the entire run from Woodlawn in the Bronx. Just north of this station, his Utica Avenue-bound 4 train was to be shifted to the local track due to repair work on the express one. He was running at 40 mph (64 km/h) in a 10 mph (16 km/h) zone and took the switch so fast that only the first car made it through the crossover. The rest of the train derailed, leading to a massive pile-up. Cars 1435, 1436, 1437, 1439, and 1440 were essentially scrapped on the site, and the track infrastructure suffered heavy structural damage as a result.[12] Service was disrupted for six days, with trains terminating at 59th Street for the duration, as the wreckage was removed. The entire infrastructure, including signals, switches, track, roadbed, cabling, and 23 support columns needed to be replaced.[13] Ray was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 15 years in prison, but released in April 2002 for good behavior.[14]

The derailment occurred at the entry to a former pocket track. Similar to 72nd Street on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, this station was built with extra tracks on the approach to the station. These were between the local and express tracks and were approximately 300 feet (91 m) long. The idea was to have a "stacking" track where a train could be held momentarily until the platform cleared for it to enter the station. The tracks here and at 72nd Street were rendered useless when train lengths grew beyond these tracks' capacity.[15] When the damage from the 1991 wreck was repaired, the stacking track was removed.[16][17] A similar track still exists between the northbound tracks south of the 14th Street–Union Square station's northbound platform.[15]

Image gallery[edit]

BMT Broadway Line platforms[edit]

 14 Street–Union Square
 "N" train"Q" train"R" train"W" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
14th Street-Union Square - Broadway Line Platform.jpg
"R" train train of R46 cars departing on the local track
Station statistics
DivisionB (BMT)
Line   BMT Broadway Line
Services   N all times (all times)
   Q all times (all times)
   R all except late nights (all except late nights)
   W weekdays only (weekdays only)
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedSeptember 4, 1917 (103 years ago) (1917-09-04)[18][19]
Station code015[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible (Transfer to IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms not accessible)
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Opposite-direction transfer availableYes
Station succession
Next north34th Street–Herald Square (express): N weekdays onlyQ all times except late nights
23rd Street (local): N weekends and late nightsQ late nights onlyR all except late nightsW weekdays only
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north34th Street–Herald Square: N all timesQ all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only
Next southEighth Street–New York University (local): N weekends and late nightsQ late nights onlyR all except late nightsW weekdays only
Canal Street (express): N weekdays onlyQ all times except late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southCortlandt Street (via tunnel): N late nightsR all except late nightsW weekdays only
DeKalb Avenue (via bridge): Q all times
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center (via bridge bypass): N all except late nights
Track layout

14th Street–Union Square, opened on September 5, 1917, is an express station on the BMT Broadway Line that has four tracks and two island platforms.

It is the southernmost station in Manhattan with a cross-platform interchange between all four Broadway services. A mosaic on the platform side walls is a depiction of "the junction of Broadway and ... Bowery Road, 1828," as the area was once known.[20] The mezzanine and crossover level has been reconstructed as well. Some former passageways and stairways have been closed off, including one immediately adjacent to the southernmost staircase on the northbound side.

This station was overhauled in the late 1970s. The MTA replaced the original wall tiles, old signs, and incandescent lighting with the 1970s wall tile band and tablet mosaics, signs and fluorescent lights. They also fixed staircases and platform edges. In 2002, the station was upgraded for ADA-accessibility and its original late 1910s tiling was restored. As part of the upgrade, the MTA repaired the staircases, re-tiled for the walls and floors, upgraded the station's lights and the public address system, installed yellow safety treads along the platform edge, new signs, and new trackbeds in both directions. The station now has an elevator on both platforms as well as connection to the station entrances and passageway to the IRT Lexington Avenue Line.[citation needed]

In 2005, an artwork called City Glow by Chiho Aoshima was installed here.[citation needed]

Image gallery[edit]

BMT Canarsie Line platform[edit]

 Union Square
 "L" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Union Square - Canarsie Line Platform.jpg
Station statistics
DivisionB (BMT)
Line   BMT Canarsie Line
Services   L all times (all times)
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedJune 30, 1924 (96 years ago) (1924-06-30)
Station code117[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible (transfer to IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms not accessible)
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Opposite-direction transfer availableYes
Former/other names14 Street–Union Square
Station succession
Next westSixth Avenue: L all times
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 westEighth Avenue: L all times
Next eastThird Avenue: L all times
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 eastFirst Avenue: L all times
Track layout
to 6 Av
to 3 Av

Union Square on the BMT Canarsie Line opened on June 30, 1924, as part of the 14th Street–Eastern Line, which ran from Sixth Avenue under the East River and through Williamsburg to Montrose and Bushwick Avenues.[21][22] The station has two tracks and one island platform with numerous stairways and exits leading from it. There is one mezzanine attached to this station with entrances on the south side of 14th Street between Broadway and University Place. Other entrances in the complex serve the other services that stop here. The original mosaic band of sky blue, sea green, lime green and yellow ochre stands clearly visible above new green-bordered tile panels. The station has been renovated and is now ADA-accessible with a single elevator going up from the platform to the mezzanine.

As part of the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Program and the L Project, several modifications were implemented on the platform to improve circulation and to reduce crowding. The stairs from the Broadway Line platforms were rebuilt in March 2019; the stair from the downtown Broadway Line platform was reconfigured entirely. Additionally, a new escalator was installed from the east mezzanine to the platform; it cost around $15 million and opened on September 10, 2020.[23][24][25]

New escalator

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Transfer Points Under Higher Fare; Board of Transportation Lists Stations and Intersections for Combined Rides". The New York Times. June 30, 1948. p. 19. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  6. ^ a b "New York MPS 14th Street-Union Square Subway Station (IRT; Dual System BMT)". Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006, Series: National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017, Box: National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records: New York, ID: 75313911. National Archives.
  7. ^ NYC Transit Committee Agenda May 1994. New York City Transit. May 16, 1994.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Union Square / Gramercy". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  9. ^ "Our Subway Open: 150,000 Try It; Mayor McClellan Runs the First Official Train". The New York Times. October 28, 1904. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  10. ^ "14th Street-Union Square - Mary Miss - Framing Union Square, 1998". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on September 1, 2019. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  11. ^ Jacobs, Karrie (Dec 23, 1996). "Notes From Underground - Cityscape". New York Magazine. 29 (50): 34 – via Google Books.
  12. ^ McFadden, Robert D. (1991-09-01). "Catastrophe Under Union Square; Crash on the Lexington IRT: Motorman's Run to Disaster". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  13. ^ Sims, Calvin (1991-09-03). "Subway Line Back After Being Closed By Fatal Derailing". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  14. ^ Yakas, Ben (February 2, 2015). "Flashback: Revisiting The Worst Train Derailments In NYC History". Gothamist. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  15. ^ a b Dougherty, Peter (2020). Tracks of the New York City Subway 2020 (16th ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 1056711733.
  16. ^ Meredith, Jack (2012). Project management : a managerial approach. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. pp. 115–117. ISBN 978-0-470-53302-4. OCLC 757668996.
  17. ^ "Moving Forward: Accelerating the Transition to Communications-Based Train Control for New York City's Subways" (PDF). Regional Plan Association. May 2014. p. 18.
  18. ^ The New York Times, Open First Section of Broadway Line, September 5, 1917
  19. ^ The New York Times, Open New Subway to Times Square, January 6, 1918
  20. ^ Schneider, Daniel B. (1997-12-21). "F.Y.I. - Frieze Frame". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  21. ^ "Subway Tunnel Through - Passage Under East River in East 14th Street Line Complete" (PDF). The New York Times. August 8, 1919. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
  22. ^ "Celebrate Opening of Subway Link" (PDF). The New York Times. July 1, 1924. p. 23. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
  23. ^ "Circulation Improvements at Union Square on the Canarsie Line". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 31, 2017. Archived from the original on February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  24. ^ "Project Details - Circulation Improvements at Union Square on the Canarsie Line". web.mta.info. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  25. ^ "MTA Capital Program 2015-2019 Renew. Enhance. Expand. Amendment No. 2, as proposed to the MTA Board May 2017" (PDF). mta.info. May 24, 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 2, 2020. Retrieved May 24, 2017.

Further reading[edit]

  • Stookey, Lee (1994). Subway ceramics : a history and iconography of mosaic and bas relief signs and plaques in the New York City subway system. Brattleboro, Vt: L. Stookey. ISBN 978-0-9635486-1-0. OCLC 31901471.

External links[edit]

nycsubway.org:

Google Maps Street View:

Other websites: